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Eros and Agape

  • POPE BENEDICT XVI

It is neither the spirit alone nor the body alone that loves: it is man, the person, a unified creature composed of body and soul, who loves.


ben169 ...eros and agape — ascending love and descending love — can never be completely separated.  The more the two, in their different aspects, find a proper unity in the one reality of love, the more the true nature of love in general is realized.

Even if eros is at first mainly covetous and ascending, a fascination for the great promise of happiness, in drawing near to the other, it is less and less concerned with itself, increasingly seeks the happiness of the other, is concerned more and more with the beloved, bestows itself and wants to “be there for” the other.  The element of agape thus enters into this love, for otherwise eros is impoverished and even loses its own nature.  On the other hand, man cannot live by oblative, descending love alone.  He cannot always give, he must also receive.  Anyone who wishes to give love must also receive love as a gift.

Certainly, as the Lord tells us, one can become a source from which rivers of living water flow (cf. Jn 7:37-38).  Yet to become such a source, one must constantly drink anew from the original source, which is Jesus Christ, from whose pierced heart flows the love of God (cf. Jn 19:34).

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Acknowledgement

benedictus Pope Benedict XVI. "Eros and Agape." from Deus Caritas Est (2006).

Deus Caritas Est is an Encyclical Letter of Pope Benedict XVI.

Reprinted with permission of Liberia Editrice Vaticana.

This excerpt appeared in Benedictus: Day by Day with Pope Benedict XVI.

The Author

Benedict73smBenedict72Pope Benedict XVI is the author of Jesus of Nazareth, Vol II, Jesus of Nazareth, Vol I, Caritas in Veritate: Charity in Truth, Saved in Hope: Spe Salvi, God Is Love: Deus Caritas Est,The End of Time?: The Provocation of Talking about God, Truth and Tolerance: Christian Belief and World Religions, Without Roots: The West, Relativism, Christianity, Islam, Salt of the Earth: An Exclusive Interview on the State of the Church at the End of the Millennium, God and the World: Believing and Living in Our Time, In the Beginning: A Catholic Understanding of the Story of Creation and the Fall, The Spirit of the Liturgy, The Ratzinger Report: An Exclusive Interview on the State of the Church, Introduction to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Introduction to Christianity, Called to Communion: Understanding the Church Today, Milestones: Memoirs 1927-1977, Behold the Pierced One, and God Is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life.

Copyright © 2006 Liberia Editrice Vaticana
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