I had an argument with a friend about the Churchs teaching on abortion. She said that the Church was not against abortion until the 20th century; I said that the Church has always been against abortion. Am I right, and if so, what evidence is there to give to my friend?
What does the Catholic Church mean by its doctrine "Outside the Church There Is No Salvation"? Does this mean that non-Catholics can't be saved? What's the official Catholic teaching, past and present, about the Church's mission to evangelize non-Catholics and bring them into eternal life in Christ? A noted theologian answers these and other crucial questions.
Many different images from physical life have been used for the stages of the spiritual life, for example, Teresa of Avila's "mansions" (in The Interior Castle), or Walter Hilton's rungs on The Ladder of Perfection. One analogy that's never, as far as I know, been used – yet one that is quite arresting to many souls – is the analogy of surfing.
In France over recent weeks the whole country has been debating the role of religion and the state.
In modern parlance, the Orthodox are those Christians who separated from Rome in the eleventh century through the great Eastern Schism, and whose distinctive liturgical feature is the Byzantine rite and doctrinal basis the acceptance of the first seven ecumenical councils, up to the second Council of Nicea in 787.
During the past decade, the Catholic Church has emerged as one of the strongest advocates of free trade. But a system that opens up trade opportunities also needs to be ordered by a moral law. There is no such thing as a genuinely free economy unless it is grounded in the reality of objective morality, Fr. Sirico says. The Vatican clearly understands this.