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The Reality of the Resurrection


Only a real event of a radically new quality could possibly have given rise to the apostolic preaching.

resurrection2Indeed, the apostolic preaching with all its boldness and passion would be unthinkable unless the witnesses had experienced a real encounter, coming to them from outside, with something entirely new and unforeseen, namely, the self-revelation and verbal communication of the risen Christ.  Only a real event of a radically new quality could possibly have given rise to the apostolic preaching, which cannot be explained on the basis of speculations or inner, mystical experiences.  In all its boldness and originality, it draws life from the impact of an event that no one had invented, an event that surpassed all that could be imagined….

All of us are constantly inclined to ask the question that Saint Jude Thaddaeus put to Jesus during the Last Supper: Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?  (Jn 14:22).  Why, indeed, did you not forcefully resist your enemies who brought you to the cross?—we might well ask.  Why did you not show them with incontrovertible power that you are the living one, the Lord of life and death?  Why did you reveal yourself only to a small flock of disciples, upon whose testimony we must now rely?

The question applies not only to the Resurrection, but to the whole manner of God's revelation in the world.  Why only to Abraham and not to the mighty of the world?  Why only to Israel and not irrefutably to all the peoples of the earth?

It is part of the mystery of God that he acts so gently, that he only gradually builds up his history within the great history of mankind; that he becomes man and so can be overlooked by his contemporaries and by the decisive forces within history; that he suffers and dies and that, having risen again, he chooses to come to mankind only through the faith of the disciples to whom he reveals himself; that he continues to knock gently at the doors of our hearts and slowly opens our eyes if we open our doors to him.

And yet—is not this the truly divine way?  Not to overwhelm with external power, but to give freedom, to offer and elicit love.  And if we really think about it, is it not what seems so small that is truly great?  Does not a ray of light issue from Jesus, growing brighter across the centuries, that could not come from any mere man and through which the light of God truly shines into the world?  Could the apostolic preaching have found faith and built up a worldwide community unless the power of truth had been at work within it?…

He is alive.  Let us entrust ourselves to him, knowing that we are on the right path.  With Thomas let us place our hands into Jesus' pierced side and confess: My Lord and my God! (Jn 20:28).



BenedictPope Benedict XVI. "The Reality of the Resurrection."  from Jesus of Nazareth: Holy Week: from the Entrance into Jerusalem to the Resurrection (San Fransisco: Ignatius Press, 2011).

Reprinted with permission of Ignatius Press.

The Author

Benedict73smBenedict72Pope Benedict XVI is the author of Jesus of Nazareth, Vol II, Jesus of Nazareth, Vol I, Caritas in Veritate: Charity in Truth, Saved in Hope: Spe Salvi, God Is Love: Deus Caritas Est,The End of Time?: The Provocation of Talking about God, Truth and Tolerance: Christian Belief and World Religions, Without Roots: The West, Relativism, Christianity, Islam, Salt of the Earth: An Exclusive Interview on the State of the Church at the End of the Millennium, God and the World: Believing and Living in Our Time, In the Beginning: A Catholic Understanding of the Story of Creation and the Fall, The Spirit of the Liturgy, The Ratzinger Report: An Exclusive Interview on the State of the Church, Introduction to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Introduction to Christianity, Called to Communion: Understanding the Church Today, Milestones: Memoirs 1927-1977, Behold the Pierced One, and God Is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life.

Copyright © 2011 Ignatius Press
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