The question of why fertility has been falling so dramatically in continental Europe has been food for thought for both demographers and economists. The answer must be looked for in several important factors, which, to further complicate matters, do not simply add up in their impact.
People often argue that countries are poor because they have too many people and not enough resources. If there are too many people, then each newborn is a threat to every other human being and population control policies are needed. But this logic just doesn't hold for Africa.
The Vatican is reviewing the issue of genetically modified foods, a process that is expected to result in a qualified endorsement. In light of this development, Actons Research Director Sam Gregg examines the ethics of GMF and its promise of reducing hunger in the world.
Over the past twenty years, HIV/AIDS prevention programs have centered on the large-scale distribution of condoms. These have been combined with safe sex propaganda campaigns aimed at convincing the public that putting a layer of latex between sexual partners can guarantee protection against infection by the HIV/AIDS virus.
In my own profession of journalism it is common enough to deride economists as practitioners of the "dismal science." Yet in most cases it is the economists who have maintained faith in human ingenuity and initiative and who have rejected counsels of despair and control. The majority of them have never been found on the front lines of the movement for population control.