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Nature and Nature's God

  • WALTER RUSSELL MEAD

For each one of us, the waters will someday rise, the winds spin out of control, the roof will come off the house and the power will go out for good.

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While the lights went out across Manhattan tonight, and the city that calls itself the capital of the world was cut off from the mainland as flood waters thundered through its streets, many people around the world watched the spectacle and were reminded just how fragile the busy world we humans build around us really is.

Manhattan is one of those places where nature seems mostly held at bay.  Except for the parks, oases of carefully preserved nature deliberately shaped by the hand of man, every inch of the city's surface has been covered by something manmade.  The valleys have been exalted, the mountains laid low and the rough places plain.

Those who live and do their business there pay very little attention to the natural world most of the time.  It can be hard to get a taxi in the rain, and the occasional winter snowstorm forces a brief halt to the city's routine, but the average New Yorker's attention is on the social world, not the world of nature.  What's happening to your career, your bank account, your friendships and loved ones, the political scene and the financial markets: those are the concerns that occupy the minds of busy urbanites on their daily rounds.

Into this busy, self involved world Hurricane Sandy has burst.  Sharks have been photographed (or at least photo shopped) swimming in the streets of New Jersey towns; waves sweep across the Lower East Side; transformers explode on both sides of the Hudson as salt water surges into the tunnels and subways.  For a little while at least, New Yorkers are reminded that we live in a world shaped by forces that are bigger than we are; tonight it is easy to identify with the sentiments in John Milton's paraphrase of Psalm 114:

Shake earth, and at the presence be aghast
Of him that ever was, and aye shall last,
That glassy floods from rugged rocks can crush,
And make soft rills from the fiery flint-stones gush.

Soon, though, the winds will die down and the waters recede.  The bridges will open, the roads will be repaired, the water will be pumped from the subways and service restored.  New Yorkers will go back to their normal pursuits and Hurricane Sandy will fade into lore.

But events like this don't come out of nowhere.  Sandy isn't an irruption of abnormality into a sane and sensible world; it is a reminder of what the world really is like.  Human beings want to build lives that exclude what we can't control — but we can't.


Hurricane Sandy is many things; one of those things is a symbol.  The day is coming for all of us when a storm enters our happy, busy lives and throws them into utter disarray.  The job on which everything depends can disappear.  That relationship that holds everything together can fall apart.  The doctor can call and say the test results are not good.  All of these things can happen to anybody; something like this will happen to us all.

Somewhere in the future, each of us has an inescapable appointment with irresistible force.

Somewhere in the future, each of us has an inescapable appointment with irresistible force.  For each one of us, the waters will someday rise, the winds spin out of control, the roof will come off the house and the power will go out for good.

We can protect ourselves from a storm like Sandy by taking proper precautions; at the Mead manor we have candles, firewood and food stocked against the possibility that our power will go out.  But one day, dear reader, a storm is coming which neither you nor we can survive.  The strongest walls, the sturdiest retirement plans stuffed with stocks and CDs, the best doctors cannot protect us from that final encounter with the force that made and will someday unmake us.

Coming to terms with that reality is the most important thing that any of us can do.  A storm like this one is an opportunity to do exactly that.  It reminds us that what we like to call 'normal life' is fragile and must someday break apart.  If we are wise, we will take advantage of this smaller, passing storm to think seriously about the greater storm that is coming for us all.


A grand and powerful woman I once knew died after two encounters with cancer and a devastating stroke took her from the realm of normal life into the storm tossed waters that surround us all on every side.  She'd never been a religious woman and, growing up in a segregated South where so many churches and churchgoers defended a brutal system of institutionalized injustice and cruelty, she was always a rebel against the conventional piety and ritualized religious life she saw around her.

But late in her life when the winds around her howled and the dark waters were rising, she was driven to face the truth behind the illusions and the pretense, and told the person she loved best in all the world that "I've made my peace with God."

That is something we all need to do.  It involves a recognition of our helplessness and insufficiency before the mysteries and limits of life.  Like the First Step in the Twelve Step programs, it begins with an acknowledgment of failure and defeat.  We each try to build a self-sufficient world, a sturdy little life that is proof against storms and disasters — but none of us can really get that done.

Strangely, that admission of weakness opens the door to a new kind of strength.  To acknowledge and accept weakness is to ground our lives more firmly in truth, and it turns out that to be grounded in reality is to become more able and more alive.  Denial is hard work; those who try to stifle their awareness of the limits of human life and ambition in the busy rounds of daily life never reach their full potential.

But late in her life when the winds around her howled and the dark waters were rising, she was driven to face the truth behind the illusions and the pretense, and told the person she loved best in all the world that "I've made my peace with God."

To open your eyes to the fragility of life and to our dependence on that which is infinitely greater than ourselves is to enter more deeply into life.  To come to terms with the radical insecurity in which we all live is to find a different and more reliable kind of security.  The joys and occupations of ordinary life aren't all there is to existence, but neither are the great and all-destroying storms.  There is a calm beyond the storm, and the same force that sends these storms into our lives offers a peace and security that no storm can destroy.  As another one of the psalms puts it, "Weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning." Accepting your limits and your dependence on things you can't control is the first step on the road toward finding that joy.

Via Meadia hopes that all our readers survived Hurricane Sandy with their lives intact and their property whole.  And more than that, we hope that our readers will take the opportunity that a storm like this offers, step back from their daily lives, and reach out to the Power who plants his footsteps in the sea and rides upon the storm.  Getting the right connection with the highest power of all not only gives you a place of refuge when the big storm finally comes; it transforms daily life and infuses ordinary occupations with greater meaning and wonder than you ever understood.

The world needs people who have that kind of strength and confidence.  Storms much greater than Sandy are moving through our lives these days: the storms shaking the Middle East, recasting the economy, transforming the political horizons of Asia.  It will take strong and grounded people to ride these mighty storms; paradoxically, it is only by coming to terms with our limits and weakness that we can find the strength and the serenity to face what lies ahead.

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Acknowledgement

Walter Russell Mead. "Nature and Nature's God." The American Interest (October 29, 2012).

Reprinted with permission from The American Interest.

The American Interest is an independent voice devoted to the broad theme of "America in the world."  In its six issues each year, we provide the premier forum for serious and civil discussion on the full spectrum of issues domestic and international that shape America's role on the world stage, a discourse characterized by a passion for useful truths.

To subscribe to The American Interest, go here.

The Author

Walter Russell Mead is James Clarke Chace Professor of Foreign Affairs and Humanities at Bard College and Editor-at-Large of The American Interest magazine. Until 2010, Mead was the Henry A. Kissinger Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy at the Council on Foreign Relations. Mead received his B.A. in English Literature from Yale University. He is an honors graduate of Groton School and Yale, where he received prizes for history and debate. In addition to his position at Bard, Mead currently teaches American foreign policy at Yale University. He blogs at Via Meadia.

Copyright © 2012 First Things
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