An Amazing Creation: When Science and Faith MeetPETER FINNEY JR.
Exciting news for the new evangelization being called for by Pope Benedict XVI are the recent discoveries in "space-time geometry," prompting eminent physicists to assert the cosmos had to have a beginning and thus had to have a creator.
He's smart enough to have debated physicist Stephen Hawking, an avowed atheist, on national television over the scientific underpinnings of the beginning of the universe and the theological arguments for the existence of God.
Father Spitzer told the annual dinner of the Catholic Foundation of the Archdiocese of New Orleans Nov. 8 that the exciting news for the new evangelization being called for by Pope Benedict XVI are the recent discoveries in "space-time geometry," prompting eminent physicists to assert the cosmos had to have a beginning and thus had to have a creator.
On the occasion of Hawking's 70th birthday in January, physicist Alexander Vilenkin, director of the Institute of Cosmology at Tufts University, read a paper asserting just that. Science journalist Lisa Grossman, writing in New Scientist, pithily described Vilenkin's presentation as "the worst birthday present ever."
If the rate of expansion of the universe is greater than zero — something virtually all physicists agree on — "at the end of the day we will reach an absolute beginning point prior to which the universe and multiverse (a combination of universes) were nothing," Father Spitzer said.
"Physical reality itself was nothing, and the one thing we know about nothing is that it's nothing," Father Spitzer said, eliciting laughter from the hundreds of dinner attendees. "The second thing we know about nothing is that nothing can only do nothing, and if the only thing nothing can do is nothing, then the whole of physical reality, configured as universe or multiverse, was nothing. It could never have moved itself to something by itself, because the only thing that it could do when it was nothing is nothing."
Father Spitzer said the scientific evidence points only toward a created universe. "There is something else, and that something else has to transcend the universe and be powerful enough to literally create it," he said. "And then, as you begin to investigate the cosmological constants, the initial conditions of the universe and multiverse, and when you look at the fine-tuning paradoxes that virtually every physicist, including Stephen Hawking, has admitted, then that creator is not just transcendent and powerful but really, really smart."
Why this is important, Father Spitzer said, is that it gives Catholics another reason to evangelize a culture that is mired in materialism and "its loss of the sense of eternal dignity."
Father Spitzer says when he teaches college students, someone usually poses the question about the existence of God and whether or not we really know "that Jesus walked and talked upon this earth."
"And then the rest of the classroom goes, 'Yeah, do we really know?'" Father Spitzer said.
"The answer is, 'Yes, I think we do know,'" Father Spitzer said. "What's my point? This contemporary approach is given to us almost as a gift from God. Alexander Vilenkin says in the final part of his essay that a good argument will convince a reasonable man and that a proof will convince even an unreasonable one. Well, now that the proof is in place, cosmologists cannot even hide behind the possibility of a past eternal universe. They must confront the reality."
All this allows us to answer "our kids' questions" about the evidence for God. Father Spitzer said even recent studies about near-death experiences point to God. Dr. Eben Alexander, a Harvard-trained neurosurgeon, wrote about his experiences after being in a coma for seven days with his cortex completely shut down.
"He was clinically dead and he was monitored the whole time and he actually had these experiences," Father Spitzer said. "He could show definitively there was no physical activity that produced it. There are really good studies taking place in multiple hospitals that give evidence that human beings survive bodily death, that we have a soul that literally leaves the body."
In one case, Father Spitzer said, a man told researchers that they would find a sneaker on a fifth-floor ledge of a building.
"How in the world did he know that when he was clinically dead?" Father Spitzer asked. "And did you know that 80 percent of blind people actually see after clinical death for the first time? Flat EEG, no electrical activity in the cortex, no gag reflex, fixed and dilated pupils, and they're seeing for the first time? Very strange."
This is riveting evidence that God exists and is moving in the world, and Father Spitzer said, "it's a chance for re-evangelization."
"But then it comes right back to the resurrection of Jesus Christ, the resurrection into glory, into unconditional love," he said. "We do have to make it contemporary. But as we point and point again, our eternal destiny becomes clearer and clearer even in the midst of the darkness of secularism. It falls upon us, as church, to move once again to begin the process of re-evangelization, of healing the culture and of reminding everyone that they are transcendent. You are not simply molecules and atoms."
Father Spitzer said the early church transformed the Roman Empire by preaching the resurrection, the intrinsic and eternal dignity of every human being, love as the greatest commandment and the redemptive view of suffering.
"We are grounded in Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit is with us," Father Spitzer said. "Human beings are transcendent and destined for eternal destiny and dignity. We must evangelize it."
Peter Finney Jr. "An Amazing Creation: When Science and Faith Meet." Clarion Herald (November 13, 2012).
Reprinted with permission of the Clarion Herald.
Peter Finney Jr. is Executive Editor/General Manager of the Clarion Herald, the official newspaper of the Archdiocese of New Orleans.
Father Robert Spitzer, S.J. is currently the President of the Magis Center of Faith and Reason and the Spitzer Center for Ethical Leadership. The former is dedicated to showing the close connection between faith and reason in contemporary astrophysics, philosophy, and historical study of the New Testament. The latter is dedicated to personal and cultural transformation that supports principle-based ethics and leads to noble and enduring success. Father Spitzer was President of Gonzaga University from 1998-2009. He has published 5 books and numerous scholarly articles, started 6 national institutes, and speaks widely on the philosophy of science, philosophy of God, and ethics. Fr. Spitzer has as spoken to thousands of audiences, and has done ethics consulting for over 300 organizations, including Boeing, Caterpillar, Toyota, Costco, the British Prime Minister's Cabinet, the leadership of Costa Rica, Protestant and Catholic leadership in Northern Ireland, and the Orthodox Church in Russia. Father Spitzer is the author of New Proofs for the Existence of God: Contributions of Contemporary Physics and Philosophy, Spirit of Leadership: Optimizing Creativity and Change in Organizations, Five Pillars of the Spiritual Life: A Practical Guide to Prayer for Active People, Healing the Culture: A Commonsense Philosophy of Happiness, Freedom, and the Life Issues, Ten Universal Principles: A Brief Philosophy of the Life Issues, as well as videos such as Suffering and the God of Love, and Healing the Culture.
Copyright © 2012 Clarion Herald
Not all articles published on CERC are the objects of official Church teaching, but these are supplied to provide supplementary information.