The Galileo CodeSCOTT WALTER
If we wanted to add a twentieth-century name to the list of prophets, I would nominate Robert Nisbet (1914-1996), who would not be surprised by recent revelations that an elite group of global-warming experts have been reckless with their "science" and ruthless towards their scientific peers.
I refer to the scandal that broke at the disclosure of private e-mails among leading climatologists connected to the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia, one of the nerve centers for global warming studies. As former Chancellor of the Exchequer Nigel Lawson summarizes the preliminary evidence for the London Times: "(a) the scientists have been manipulating the raw temperature figures to show a relentlessly rising global warming trend; (b) they have consistently refused outsiders access to the raw data; (c) the scientists have been trying to avoid freedom of information requests; and (d) they have been discussing ways to prevent papers by dissenting scientists being published in learned journals."
But the problem these e-mails uncovered goes beyond the discussion currently under way in Copenhagen and even the whole global-warming debate.
Nisbet, a sociologist by training and historian by temperament -- but no Catholic, or even much of a believer -- warned of such abuses in an essay debunking the Enlightenment myth that the Catholic Church brutally oppressed Galileo. Our own time, Nisbet insisted, has seen much worse:
Probably more scientists have been adversely affected -- estopped altogether from a given line of research, guided, shaped, propelled, decelerated, forced into nonpublication, secrecy, turned down for funds or promotion, and barred from access to laboratory space or archives -- because of defiance of conventional wisdom in America since World War II . . . than existed in the whole of the world in Galileo's day.
Early on, Nisbet adds, Galileo told his friend Kepler that he was censoring himself for "fear not of ecclesiastical but of scientific-scholarly opinion." As Galileo's views became known, the first public protests arose from "jealous and apprehensive university professors," not from clerical quarters. When Galileo's friend Pope Urban VIII reluctantly allowed a trial by the Inquisition (headed by another Galileo supporter), the great man's nemesis was no churchman but a fellow scientist.
Most important for our purposes is Galileo's fate after his enemies forced the Inquisition to find him "guilty" of Copernican teachings. Though made to take a pro forma oath of recantation, he was not imprisoned. Instead, he was given "house arrest" at his wealthy patron's estate where he had long conducted most of his research. He lived for years, and far from being daunted or suppressed, he produced some of his most important writings, "was in constant communication with the leading scientific lights of Italy and all Europe," and had "as many students as he wished" to assist him and continue his work after his death.
Contrast Galileo's flourishing in the seventeenth century, funded by the private sector, with the situation of scientists in our day. They face governments that grow grander and more controlling by the minute, as well as an academic climate in which the disinterested search for truth withers in the cold glare of skepticism, relativism, and materialism.
Perhaps the scientific critics of man-made global warming can take to heart the examples of Socrates and Christ, who remind us that most significant thinkers in history have suffered strenuous opposition.
Still, Galileo's experience shows that a society needs two things to enjoy the freedom to seek scientific knowledge: an intellectual environment that permits at least some unconventional thinking and a financial environment in which resources aren't monopolized by the same elites who patrol scientific orthodoxy.
"Institutional competition" and the diversity of funding streams that permit it, Nisbet concludes, not "the fabled distinterestedness of the titans in science," is what usually rescues maverick thinkers from the "hostile herd."
We are now learning just how Inquisitorial the globe's elite climatologists have been. Think what will happen if the U.S. government -- which already controls, by some estimates, one in every four medical research dollars on the planet -- vastly expands its scientific dominion through "health care reform."
Scott Walter. "The Galileo Code." The Catholic Thing (December 10, 2009).
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Scott Walter is a senior fellow at the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty. He served as Special Assistant to the President of the United States for Domestic Policy where he helped craft policy on Head Start, immigrant assimilation, faith-based initiatives, volunteerism, and education issues facing U.S. students from pre-K to the post-doctoral level.
Before joining the Administration, he served as vice president of the Philanthropy Roundtable, a national association of individual donors, foundation trustees and staff, and corporate giving officers. His previous positions include senior editor of The American Enterprise magazine, managing editor of Crisis magazine, and researcher at the American Enterprise Institute. Mr. Walter lives in Reston, Virginia, with his wife, Erica, and their four children. He is a graduate of Georgetown University, where his studies focused on political philosophy and theology. In his leisure time, he listens to old jazz and reads military historical fiction.
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