Our Lord had sent the apostles into Jerusalem to prepare the Passover meal with explicit instructions about finding an upper room owned by a certain man whom he described in detail.

The apostles found everything just as the Master had said. The Gospel accounts of those extraordinary days leading up to and following the Crucifixion and Resurrection are full of details, such as the arrangement of the shroud and linen face-covering in the empty tomb.  That "room for rent" was transformed by the institution of the Eucharist and the appearance of the Risen Lord there, with the doors locked, on two Sundays.  After the Ascension, that same room became an oratory where the apostles and our Lady and others, some specifically named, waited for the coming of the Holy Spirit, as promised.

Our Lord never fails to keep his promises, and the rushing wind and the flames that settled on each of them signaled the gift of the Third Person of the Holy Trinity: the bond of love between the Father and the Son, which has animated the Church ever since that first Pentecost.  Recently Pope Francis offered the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in that upper room, invoking the Holy Spirit upon the bread and wine so that they might become the Body and Blood of Christ.  That conjunction of things heavenly and earthly happens every day at Mass.  The Holy Spirit thus saves the Church from being a museum of memories and gives it life from age to age, "ever ancient, ever new."  All the language surrounding Pentecost is about newness: "Kindle in them the fire of thy love . . . and thou shalt renew the face of the earth."

In Confirmation the Holy Spirit blesses the soul with gifts of Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Fortitude, Knowledge, Piety and Fear of the Lord.  The seven gifts enliven the intellect and the will, just as the Spirit of God breathed upon creation in seven stages.  In speaking of character from the position of a detached philosopher, Aristotle emphasized three qualities of a well-integrated personality: Ethos (an honest use of talent); Logos (an honest use of the mind); and Pathos (an honest involvement with the sufferings of the world).  The Holy Spirit shifts this into a supernatural dimension by an Ethos that lets God guide human talent, a Logos that perceives the ultimate truth of God behind all lesser truths, and a Pathos that unites human suffering with the suffering of Christ, turning tragedy into triumph.

The Holy Spirit thus unites all human expression into one joyful song, as John Donne wrote:

Bring us, O Lord God, at our last awakening into the house and gate of heaven, to enter into that gate and dwell in that house, where there shall be no darkness nor dazzling, but one equal light; no noise nor silence, but one equal music; no fears nor hopes, but one equal possession; no ends nor beginnings, but one equal eternity, in the habitations of thy glory and dominion, world without end. Amen.




Father George W. Rutler. "Pentecost."  From the Pastor (June 8, 2014).

Reprinted with permission of Father George W. Rutler.


Father Rutler received priestly ordination in 1981. Born in 1945 and reared in the Episcopal tradition, Father Rutler was an Episcopal priest for nine years. He was received into the Catholic Church in 1979 and was sent to the North American College in Rome for seminary studies. Father Rutler graduated from Dartmouth, where he was a Rufus Choate Scholar, and took advanced degrees at the Johns Hopkins University and the General Theological Seminary. He holds several degrees from the Gregorian and Angelicum Universities in Rome, including the Pontifical Doctorate in Sacred Theology, and studied at the Institut Catholique in Paris. In England, in 1988, the University of Oxford awarded him the degree Master of Studies. From 1987 to 1989 he was regular preacher to the students, faculty, and townspeople of Oxford.  He is the pastor of St. Michael's church in New York City. 

Father Rutler has published 18 books, including: Principalities and Powers: Spiritual Combat 1942-1943, Cloud of Witnesses — Dead People I Knew When They Were Alive, Coincidentally: Unserious Reflections on Trivial Connections, A Crisis of Saints: Essays on People and Principles, Brightest and Best, Saint John Vianney: The Cure D'Ars Today, Crisis in Culture, and Adam Danced: The Cross and the Seven Deadly Sins.

Copyright © 2014 Father George W. Rutler

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