What's Your Score on the S.A.T - Answer SheetNOEL J. AUGUSTYN
Following are answers to an exam that I think my eighth-grade friend from last Christmas should have to pass before graduating from Catholic grammar school.
What's Your Score on the S.A.T. - Answer Sheet
- Joseph, Israel's son, was sold into slavery in Egypt.
- Aaron - was the founder and first head of the Hebrew priesthood. He was the brother of Moses and was associated with Moses in every enterprise. He acted as his Moses' spokesman because of his eloquence. Aaron is mentioned for his role in the Exodus and in the making of the golden calf.
Joshua - shared in all the events of the Exodus, and held the place of commander of the host of the Israelites at their great battle against the Amalekites in Rephidim (Ex. 17:8-16). He became Moses' minister or servant, and accompanied him part of the way when he ascended Mount Sinai to receive the two tablets (Ex. 32:17). Under the direction of God, Moses, before his death, invested Joshua in a public and solemn manner with authority over the people as his successor (Deut. 31:23).
- 1. I am the Lord your God; you shall not have strange gods before me.
2. You shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day.
4. Honor your father and mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
- (answers vary)
- 1) You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your whole mind, and with your whole strength;
2) you shall love your neighbor as yourself.
- The Two Great Commandments contain all the law and are its fulfillment. To love God, our neighbor, and ourselves, we must keep the commandments of God and of the Church, and perform the spiritual and corporal works of mercy.
- Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
- Solomon - was the third King of Israel, son of David and Bath-Sheba. He ruled his country from 961-922 B.C. and was able to extend Israel's borders and increase its prosperity and power to a level never equaled since. He displayed such remarkable intellectual qualities that his court became a centre of culture. He displeased Yahweh, who resented the infiltration of pagan religions brought about as a result of Solomon marrying many wives who did not share his Jewish faith.
- The Psalms.
- Ruth, Judith, Ester.
- Job - was the chief character in what many critics consider the most beautifully written book of the Bible. The Book of Job is a profound philosophic discussion of human suffering. Yahweh's reasons for permitting great indignities and suffering to afflict his faithful servant, Job, are debated by Job and his friends. Their conclusion being that goodness and evil are not rewarded in this life. Faith in God must endure even when reason and understanding fail.
- Major prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel.
Minor prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
- The Babylonian Captivity - the Babylonian captivity refers to the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 BC) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state (after 538 BC). After the capture of the city by the Babylonians some thousands, probably selected for their prosperity and importance, were deported to Mesopotamia. During their exile in Babylon and the destruction of Jerusalem, the Jews were allowed to maintain their national and religious identity. They did not allow themselves to forget the land of Israel and when the Persians under Cyrus the Great conquered Babylonia in 539BC, the Jews were allowed to return to Judaea.
The papal captivity at Avignon, which is also called the Babylonian Captivity refers to the exile of the popes at Avignon, France, from 1309 to 1377. Seven popes were involved, the last one, Gregory XI yielded to the entreaties of St. Catherine of Siena (1347-80) to return to Rome in spite of the protests of the King of France and most of the cardinals.
Maccabbees - A family that controlled the course of Jewish history from 166 to 63 B.C. and secured some measure of religious freedom and political independence during those troubled years. The Seleucid king, Antiochus Epiphanes, who dominated Palestine was determined to wipe out Judaism and force Hellenistic culture on the Jews. When he resorted to introducing pagan sacrifices to Zeus in the Temple in Jerusalem, the priest Mattathias launched open rebellion. The heroic struggle for religious and political freedom was carried on by Judas Maccabaeus and his sons is told in detail in the First Book of Maccabees.
- Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
- The feast commemorating the announcement of the Incarnation by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary.
- The visit by Mary to her kinswoman Elizabeth.
- The feast commemorating Christ's manifestation to the Gentiles in the person of the Magi, or wise men.
- Bethlehem was the place of Christ's birth. Jesus was found preaching in the temple at Jerusalem by his mother and St. Joseph. Nazareth is where Jesus grew into manhood.
- John was the forerunner of Jesus. He was an austere figure, who lived an ascetic life in the Judean desert and was treated with reverence by the common people. John baptized Jesus in the Jordan river. Herod Antipas imprisoned and beheaded John.
- Jesus spent 40 days in the desert in prayer and fasting.
- (answers will vary)
- (answers will vary)
- The Lord's Prayer.
- The glorification of the appearance of Jesus before his Resurrection. It took place in the presence of Peter, James, and John while he was praying on a mountain.
- Herod the Great, received a Roman appointment during Julius Caesar's administration to rule Palestine. He was responsible for the slaughter of the Holy Innocents. Herod the Great's son, Herod Antipas, was Tetrarch of Galilee from 4 B.C. to A.D. 39 during most of the life of Jesus. He was responsible for the beheading of John the Baptist. During the Lord's trial, Pontius Pilate proposed sending Jesus to this Herod, who looked forward to the meeting Jesus with anticipation. But Jesus refused to answer any questions. Contemptuously Herod sent Christ back to Pilate to be sentenced.
- Lazarus. Jesus raised him from the dead.
- The Sunday before Easter and the last Sunday of Lent. The Church commemorates Christ's triumphant entry into Jerusalem, when olive and plam branches were strewn in his path.
- The events surrounding the suffering and Death of Jesus Christ, the passion, are always read as part of the religious rite of Holy Week.
- The Roman procurator of Judaea from A.D. 26 to 36, Pontius Pilate was appointed by Emperor Tiberius. Though he knew Jesus was innocent, he was eager to placate the Jews he eventually consented to the Crucifixion.
- The Upper Room was where Jesus and the Apostles shared the Last Supper, the night before he was crucified. The Garden of Gethsemane is outside Jerusalem on the Mount of Olives. It is where Jesus spent the agonizing hours praying prior to his arrest.
- 1) "Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing"; 2) "Indeed, I promise you, today you will be with Me in paradise" to the penitent thief; 3) "Woman, this is your son," Christ's bequest to John; 4) "My God, my God, why have you deserted me?"; 5) Parched by thirst, Christ called out, "I am thirsty"; 6) and then, "It is accomplished."; 7) When every prophecy had been fulfilled, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit."
- Nicodemus was a Pharisee and member of the Sanhedrin who was in sympathy with Jesus, but lacked the courage to become an avowed disciple. He was a lone voice in the Sanhedrin, reminding his colleagues that they should not condemn Jesus without giving him a hearing. He accompanied Joseph of Arimathea, who buried the crucified Christ. Nicodemus supplied the spices to be wrapped with the body. Joseph of Arimathea was a rich Israelite and member of the Sanhedrin. He took no part in the trial. He appeared before Pilate and asked permission to take charge of the burial. Joseph had the body wrapped in a shroud and laid in a new tomb, one in which he intended to be buried himself. Then he had a great stone rolled across the entrance.
- Mary Magdalene.
- Thomas. He refused to believe that the resurrected Christ had appeared to the other Apostles unless he could examine the marks of the Crucifixion.
- St. Stephen.
- Faith and hope.
- Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, penance or confession, matrimony, holy orders, anointing of the sick.
- 1. to feed the hungry; 2. to give drink to the thirsty; 3. to clothe the naked; 4. to shelter the homeless; 5. to visit the sick; 6. to visit those in prison; 7. to bury the dead.
- 1. You shall attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation. 2. You shall confess your sins at least once a year. 3. You shall humbly receive your Creator in Holy communion at least during the Easter season. 4.You shall keep holy the holy days of obligation. 5. You shall observe the prescribed days of fasting and abstinence. 6. The faithful also have the duty of providing for the material needs of the Church, each according to his abilities.
- The seven deadly, often called the seven capital sins, are 1. pride; 2. avarice; 3. lust; 4. envy; 5. gluttony; 6. anger; 7. sloth.
- The Joyful Mysteries: 1. the Annunciation; 2. the Visitation; 3, the Nativity; 4. the Presentation; 5. the Finding of the Child Jesus in the temple.
The Sorrowful Mysteries: 1. the Agony in the Garden; 2. the Scourging; 3. the Crowning with thorns; 4. the Carrying of the Cross; 5. the Crucifixion.
The Glorious Mysteries: 1. the Resurrection; 2. the Ascension; 3. the Descent of the Holy Spirit; 4. the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin into Heaven; 5. The Crowning of the Blessed Virgin in Heaven.
- (answers will vary)
- (answers will vay)
- (answers will vary)
- (answers will vary)
- B. Asia.
- Vatican II.
- Fasting is a form of penance that imposes limits on the kind or quantity of food or drink. From the first century Christians have observed fasting days. In general fasting was much more severe in the early days of Christianity than it is in the modern Church. Fasting has always been understood as of value in the spiritual life. It is related to the virtue of temperance and helps us develop self-control with respect to the sensual pleasure.
- Chastity is the virtue that moderates the desire for sexual pleasure according to the principles of faith and right reason. Chastity and purity, modesty and decency are compatible in that they have the basic meaning of freedom from whatever is lewd or salacious. Chastity implies an opposition to the immoral in the sense of lustful or licentious. It suggests refraining from all acts or thoughts that are not in accordance with the Church's teaching about the use of one's reproductive powers. It particularly stresses restraint and an avoidance of anything that might defile or make unclean the soul because the body has not been controlled in the exercise of its most imperious passion.
- holy, apostolic.
- God made us to know Him, to love Him, and to serve Him in this world and to enjoy eternity with Him in the next.
Augustyn, Noel J. "What's Your Score On The S.A.T. (Salvation Aptitude Test)?" New Oxford Review LVIII, no. 7 (July-August 2000): 12-14.
See the test here.
Reprinted with permission of the New Oxford Review (1069 Kains Ave., Berkeley, CA 94706). To subscribe to the New Oxford Review, call (510) 526-3492.
Noel J. Augustyn is a lawyer living in Maryland He has taught English in high school and college, and has taught the law of evidence in law school.
Copyright © 2000 New Oxford Review